Friday, August 31, 2012

It's Almost GUTGAA Time!

Hello, blog world!

Ugh, I haven't updated like all summer because I'm a terrible person. I guess I was just distracted with my multiple jobs and all. Or I was just being lazy. Ah hem. Anyway.

Not much is up with my writing. I was trying to do Camp NaNo, but if I want to win I'll have to write more than 10,000 words today, so that probably won't happen. Plus, I ended up hating the thing I was working on. So, eh. Well, I recently wrote this short story about zombies, though! And that was fun.

But anyhow, now for the actual subject of this post. 

What does GUTGAA stand for, you ask? It stands for Gearing Up To Get An Agent––a month-long blogfest amongst writers where we will submit our book pitches, which will be judged by agents. And hopefully, by the end of September, some writers will be offered representation. ... *Winning smile*

If you're interested, check Deana Barnhart's blog for details. :)

So, GUTGAA starts today with a little blog-hop meet & greet thing, so that other GUTGAA participants can get to know me. So, now I shall talk a bit about myself and answer the "get to know you" questions Deana provided. 

About Me:

Hi! I'm Brigid. I'm 19 now, although I'm turning 20 a month from tomorrow. (Eek, I can't believe it.) I'm a student at Hampshire College (which is in Massachusetts and not New Hampshire), where I am concentrating in creative writing. I'm the oldest of six kids. I write, I read I draw, I dance, I sing, I watch bad movies and laugh at them ... You know, stuff like that. ;) I've been writing books since I was 12, and at this point I've written eight––although none of them are published, and most of them most likely never will be (since the earlier ones were just ... frighteningly bad, considering my age and all). 

So, yeah. I think that's a good start.


Where do you write?

Well, that depends whether I'm at college or at home. When I'm at home, I usually write up in my room. There's this little nook in one wall, next to the window, and that's where I usually sit. If I'm at school, I usually just write in my bed. 

Quick. Go to your writing space, sit down and look to your left. What is the first thing you see?

Since I'm at home at the moment, I guess I'll use writing spot #1 for this. In which case, I would see the bunk bed that my sister and I share. 

Favorite time to write?

I'm not really picky about it. If I find any time to write at all, that in itself is kind of a miracle. Haha. But I guess usually, I either write first thing when I wake up, or right before I go to sleep.

Drink of choice while writing?

COFFEE COFFEE COFFEE. Oh, and I do enjoy the occasional cup of ginger tea as well.

When writing , do you listen to music or do you need complete silence?

It depends on my mood, I guess. Sometimes I don't feel like listening to music while writing, and other times it helps me a lot. There's a lot of wordless music that I really enjoy listening to while writing. If you're looking for suggestions, I recommend:

E.S. Posthumus - If you're writing something fantasy/adventure, their stuff is great. Very "epic" sounding. (In fact, one of the top comments on the song I linked to is "This song makes me feel like I could write an epic story.") 

The Chemical Brothers - I especially love their songs from the movie "Hanna." Also good for adventure-writing, and I think their music has a good sci-fi vibe to it as well. 

This Will Destroy You - I recommend them if you're writing something more slow-paced, and/or just sad/dramatic. Always gets me in the mood to write something depressing. Yay! :D

What was your inspiration for your latest manuscript and where did you find it?

Ummm I guess it depends on what you mean by "latest manuscript," but I'll just use my most recently finished one. (And I use the word "recently" rather loosely, considering I finished it more than a year ago, but ... yeah.) So in that case, it would be UNRAVELING––the YA contemporary novel I'm currently concentrating on, and starting to seek representation for, etc.

And well, that question has a rather complicated answer. Haha. My ideas tend to come in pieces over time, and then they all kind of merge together to form a bigger idea.

So, I initially was inspired by THE CATCHER IN THE RYE, which I read when I was 16. It wasn't quite like anything I'd ever read before, and it really interested me. I fell in love with the idea of a teenager sort of temporarily "escaping" from everything, wandering around, trying to figure out the meaning of life and whatnot. After reading it, I wanted to try something similar at some point, but I wouldn't come up with an idea for about another year.

When I was 17, I was going through a somewhat rough time. School was really stressing me out, and a lot of the time I felt like I just wanted to run away from everything. So, this idea started forming in my head about this girl who runs away from home, just trying to get away from everything for a while. At around the time the idea started forming, J.D. Salinger died. ... It seemed like some kind of weird sign, and it made me want to pursue the idea even more. I just felt like it was missing something.

There had to be some kind of motivation behind the protagonist's actions. For some reason, I had this feeling that she had wanted to run away with her best friend––but then her best friend didn't show up. I couldn't really tell what was going on ... just that the main character had a best friend who was supposed to be there, but wasn't there for some reason. It was like, the protagonist was looking for her friend but the friend was gone. And it occurred to me, finally, that in a way the protagonist was "looking" for a friend who was already dead.

And that's how I finally came up with the idea for UNRAVELING. The protagonist ended up being a girl named Mia, who once shared a twisted friendship with a girl named Emily. Their friendship came to an explosive end, Mia moved away, and hasn't spoken to Emily in two years. But when Mia hears that Emily has committed suicide, she returns to her hometown to search for reasons behind Emily's sudden and unexpected death.

So, the story became much more than just a story about a girl wandering around and trying to find a purpose in life. It also became a story about friendship. I've had a lot of failed friendships in my life––and while Emily isn't based on anyone I've ever known, I did draw from past experiences to find my inspiration. I think everyone has had a close friendship that ultimately disintegrated––whether it was because of some huge argument, or merely because you drifted apart and/or lost contact with each other. With UNRAVELING, I hoped to bring up questions about the complications of friendship: Why do we hold onto some friendships even if they make us unhappy? Do the costs of having one really close friend outweigh the benefits? What would you say if you had one last chance to talk to a friend you lost? When do the boundaries between friendship and romance lie, and how does gender play a role in how we feel about that subject? 

Sorry, that was a super long answer. But, I think that about sums it up. ;)

What's your most valuable writing tip?

It's hard to choose just one. I'll start off by giving the most clichéd tips, which are:

1. Read a lot.
2. Write every day.

They both sound simple, but they're more time-consuming than they might seem. However, the time is worth it! Reading helps you get a better sense of how style and grammar work, explore the use of voice, and understand your market. Writing every day is like exercising a muscle; if you keep working on it, it will get stronger.

My third writing tip is a quote from "Little Miss Sunshine," which is one of my favorite movies. (Pardon my French in advance.)

3. "Do what you love, and fuck the rest."

Don't be too worried about what others think of you. When you're writing that first draft, just write it for yourself. When you get to editing, you can be more concerned with how the reader will perceive your work. But even then, don't let other people's opinions shape everything you write. You have to write in a way that makes you happy, that makes you feel unique, that makes you feel like you. If you get too caught up in worrying about whether your book will be "marketable," it will only slow you down and probably water down your style. Remember to write for yourself and not just for other people. Remember that you can't please everyone, and that's just the way it is. And above all, remember to do what you love! 

Saturday, June 30, 2012

Fun with Wordle

Howdy, y'all!

So, if you don't know what Wordle is, let me briefly explain how it works. It's a nifty little website, where you can enter a bunch of text, and then it creates a "word collage" based on what you enter. The more frequently you use a certain word, the bigger it is in the collage. Fun, right?

But not only is it fun, it's also a useful tool for writers––because it shows you what words you might be using too much.

For example, here's what happened when I entered the entirety of my book UNRAVELING:

Uh wow, the word "like" is freakin' HUGE! Same with the word "know" ... and there are a lot of other words that are relatively large. 

Now, this is what happened when I entered six of my books at once:

The results are actually pretty much the same. Looks like no matter what I'm writing, I use a lot of the same words. Particularly "like" and "know," for some reason.

Well, I take this as a sign that I should go back through my manuscripts and take out some of those words that I'm using way too much. 

So, my question of the day is: What are some words that you use too much? Have you ever used Wordle to find out––and if so, did the results surprise you?

Monday, June 25, 2012

Interview with author Kristen Taber!

Hello everyone! Today I interview the lovely Kristen Taber, whose book Ærenden: The Child Returns recently came out. I had the honor of beta-reading this book, and thought it was fantastic and exciting––so I hope you all will check it out as well!

Q: How long have you known you wanted to write books?

A: I’ve wanted to write nearly my entire life and have toyed with poetry, plays, short stories, etc. since soon after I could talk. I began focusing on writing books in my high school years. At first, I tried collections of short stories in the suspense and horror genres, and then I stumbled on an idea that later turned into something much bigger. Something, as it turns out, which became my first publication, Ærenden: The Child Returns.

Q: What inspired you to write The Child Returns? Do you remember where you got the idea?

A: I remember it clearly, though the original idea looks nothing like the finished product. I took Spanish in high school. While in class, a friend of mine and I joked around about being twins named Estrella (Star) and Cielo (Sky). We invented a silly backstory about being superheroes at night, and suffering Spanish class students by day. Throughout the year, I retooled the idea, casting the twins in a fantasy storyline where one is a wizard and the other is a military ruler. A janitor at the school they attend—a young, orphaned boy—turns out to be their protector. At some point in time, the twins became a single girl named Meaghan and the boy remained her protector, though his role drastically changed. I started writing the book about seven or eight years ago, put it down because I didn’t like where it was going, then picked it back up two years ago, changed the plot line, extended it into a series, and fell in love. As I said, it’s nothing like it was so long ago, but its origins still stem from my youth.

Q: What's your writing process like? Do you outline or go straight into writing?

A: I do a bit of both. I have a general outline in mind when I write, but often, the books take on a life of their own. I plotted the Ærenden series to be one book, but around page 150, I realized I had a series on my hands. Characters, solutions for problems, even entire plot lines sometimes unfold on their own, much like watching a movie. I chase them, knowing full well I’ll be doubling my editing time later, but it works well for me.

Q: Did you ever suffer writer's block while writing this book––and if so, how did you deal with it?

A: No major blocks, but minor ones, sure. Typically, I’ll hit a wall where the characters aren’t talking to me and I leave them alone for a while. Working out (running or the elliptical) tends to help, as does running errands or cleaning. Activities that allow my mind to wander often create situations where my creativity flows best. My best characters have popped into my mind during these times.

Q: What was the revising process like?

A: I took a long time revising this book, mostly because it’s my first and I had a lot to learn about the process specifically, and writing in general. Initially, when I thought the book was “done”, I sent it out to friends and family for thoughts, as well as entered it into the ABNA contest where it made it through the Quarter Finals. The feedback I received in return showed me the book needed more work (as expected). I then entered it into a contest where people judge the first few chapters and provide feedback. This also helped me retool my style and learn more about proper vs. sloppy writing. After this, I began editing in earnest. I went through the book twice myself, then sliced and diced it several times with my editor (a friend who does a fantastic job with comprehensive editing), edited it again myself, and then sent it out to a few trusted people for beta reads. After receiving their feedback, I incorporated necessary changes, edited it myself twice more, and then called it “done” a second time. Though, of course, it's never truly finished. We’ve since found a few typos, despite all the eyes that combed through it, but reviews have proven the extensive editing process did its job. The final product is professional and all of us who worked on it are proud of what we created.

Q: What was the most challenging part of writing this book?

A: Learning how to handle feedback was definitely the hardest part. Negative feedback is difficult to accept (to authors, watching someone tear apart our manuscript is like watching a pack of wolves tear apart our babies). And positive feedback, though easy to accept, can be dangerous as it’s often given to stroke our egos and not to help us grow. The truth lies somewhere in between and the trick is learning to discern it, which is not an easy task. Sure, if everyone says the exact same thing (that scene sucks or I love this character), then you can easily figure out what to keep and what to change. But this rarely happens. Art is subjective, so when people read a book (listen to music, view a painting, etc.) their opinions will often contradict each other. Taking all of the feedback I received became crippling. When one person liked a sentence or scene and another person hated it, I didn’t know what to do. I was constantly revamping the book and wondering if I would ever get it right. Then one day, after I changed a sentence for one person and changed it back for another, I realized my folly; I had found an infinite loop of madness.

I finally realized that with every piece of feedback I received, I had to be an emotionally detached
gatekeeper and ask the right questions. What is the reviewer’s motivation? What sort of books and
authors do they like? Am I getting this feedback the majority of the time? If so, why? Does it fit my style, the plot, the characters? Does it ring true to me? Once I learned to answer these questions and to own my manuscript instead of renting it out to each person who read it, I could move forward and create a solid, final product. I know it won’t please everyone, but that’s also something I have to learn to accept. If I’m true to analyzing the feedback I receive, I should be able to please most of the people and create something worthwhile in the process.

Q: What writing projects are you working on now?

A: I’ve been working on marketing for Ærenden: The Child Returns and helping other authors do beta reads, but I intend to hole up in my office again in the near future. I have a lot of editing to do on Ærenden: The Gildonae Alliance, the second book in the Ærenden series, if I intend to make my Fall 2012 release.

Q: If you could give one, most important piece of advice to aspiring authors, what would it be?

A: Learn everything you can. Never stop. Talk to other authors, read blogs, study grammar, read books, swallow whole everything you can get your hands on so that when you write, you’re teaching as much as you’re learning.

Q: Anything else you'd like to share about yourself or your book?

A: I can be found on Facebook ( and Twitter ( and would love to connect with everyone on either or both sites. In addition, my book is currently available on Kindle and in Print, both through Amazon ( Signed paperback copies can also be ordered by contacting me through my website ( 

Thanks so much, Kristen! :)

Sunday, June 17, 2012


In this post, I will probably sound like a creep and a psycho. But, you probably already know that I am both of those things.

So, earlier today I saw this funny post on Tumblr. (Oh yeah, and you should all totally follow me on Tumblr  because I'm addicted. Uh, just as long as you don't mind a lot of "Legend of Korra" spam ...)


The post was about a made-up term called "scheherazadenfreude,"a play on the word "schadenfreude" (pleasure derived from watching other people suffer). If you don't know who Scheherazade is then I guess the joke's not really funny ... so uh, if you don't know who she is, then you should just read the Wikipedia page about her story. But anyway, this Tumblr post defined "scheherazadenfreude" as "perverse joy in the suffering of one of your own characters in the story you are writing/telling."

And I found this particularly funny, because ... well, I really love torturing my characters. I don't know why, but I do. Maybe because it makes me feel powerful? Bahaha, I don't know.

But, seriously. For instance, one of my favorite characters has been ... um, let's see ... shot, stabbed, strangled, drowned, tortured, beaten to a pulp ... Well, I think that about covers it. You get the idea. It's like, the more I love a character, the more I want to harm him/her. Because that's totally normal, right? Heh heh. 

I've heard some other writers say pretty much the opposite thing––that is, they love their characters so much that they're afraid to hurt them in any way. But, personally I just find a story more compelling if the characters suffer a lot. I mean, if I finish reading a book, and none of the major characters have died (or almost died) I find myself feeling rather disappointed. And the same goes for my own stories; I just can't imagine myself writing something where nobody dies-or-at-least-almost-dies. I would get super bored.

Don't get me wrong, there are definitely exceptions ... I do love a lot of books where no one dies-or-almost-dies. Just, in general I guess I find it hard to get excited about writing a story if there isn't any violence in it.

So ... Is it just me? Or are you all running away from me, screaming? ;)

Monday, June 4, 2012

My Perspective on Perspectives

So, lately I've been worrying more than usual about perspective. Well, and tense as well. I'm just going to put them both under one, broad category.

I, for one, love experimenting with both. Whenever I get an idea, it just comes to me in a specific tense and point-of-view that feel right for the story. It's kind of hard to explain, but I think tense/perspective play an important role in whether a book works or not; they have to be done correctly in order to fit the mood, the message, etc.

Whether I'm reading or writing, I personally don't really care if the story is in past or present tense, if it's in third person or first person or second person or thirty-fourth person ... Whatever. Like I said––as long as it fits the story, it doesn't make a difference to me.

But lately, I've been encountering more people who are much pickier about the subject. For example, somewhat recently I got into a debate about it in a Goodreads group, and I was surprised to see how many people absolutely loathe present tense. There was one girl who even said that, if she reads something in present tense, she automatically thinks it's horrible writing, and that she had never read anything well-written and in the present tense. Mind you, I'm not attacking her, and she's entitled to her opinion of course ... I was just a bit shocked that it made such a difference to her and other people. It hadn't really occurred to me before that it could mean the difference between good and bad writing to someone. Sometimes, a story just comes into my head in present tense, and that's the way I feel it should be written. And after that, I don't really think twice about it.

Then there comes the issue of choosing what person to write a story in. Most of the time, stories naturally come into my head in first person. Although sometimes––usually if there are a lot of important characters in a story I'm writing––I prefer third person.

Now, there's the problem of UNRAVELING––one of my books that uses a lot of second person. Before this story, I had never felt particularly compelled to use second person, but in this case I had a specific reason for doing so. It's kind of difficult to explain, but I felt that it was a very personal story between the main character and her friend (to whom the story is narrated)––the kind of story she wouldn't really be telling to anyone else. However, I received a lot of feedback saying the second person was confusing and that it "shut the reader out" in a way, which isn't something I wanted to do.

Currently, I'm doing another revision of the manuscript in which I try replacing the second person with third person, but I feel like it drastically changes the overall "feel" of the story. And I'm not sure if I like it. But on the other hand, I don't want to lose the interest of readers or literary agents just because I chose the "wrong" way to tell the story.

GAHHH you guys, I really hate being a writer sometimes. I hate when it comes down to deciding how much I want to change just for the sake of pleasing other people. Of course I want my writing to be enjoyable and understandable to my audience, and I'm willing to let go of a lot of things for that purpose. But when it comes to something this big and important, I'm more hesitant. I want to do what I feel is right for the story, but what I think is right might seem wrong to everyone else ... if that makes sense.

Anyway ... I don't want to turn this into a self-pitying rant. I guess my point is to ask you all what you think about tense and perspective. Which ones do you most often use? How much do you think they matter? Do you notice them a lot when you're reading something?

Monday, May 21, 2012

I hate page 100.

Hello jell-os.

So, last night I finally got to page 100 in my current work-in-progress. Exciting, right? Well ... except this is like, the most slow-paced story I've ever written (and for me, that is saying something). I haven't even gotten into the main plot yet. Heck, the main characters haven't even met each other. (WHAT IS WRONG WITH ME?) And judging by the ridiculously slow pace, and the fact that it has taken me about two years to get to this point in the manuscript, I predict I will finish it when I'm around 70 years old.

The other problem is, page 100 is always where I get really stuck. I don't really know why it is, but it always happens. Always.

I guess that whole "shiny new story" feeling has totally worn off by that point, and that makes it harder to be excited about writing it. And it's like, the point where I'm done with all the introductory stuff and then it's hard to transition into the real "meat" of the story.


Yeah I'm like, still in the top bun part right now. Or maybe I've gotten as far as the ketchup/mustard. Just not the hamburger part yet. And ... yeah. You know what? Forget this metaphor.

So, how about everyone else? Is there a certain point you always get stuck in a story? And how do you get past that part (if you ever get past it)? 

Thursday, May 17, 2012

Wonderful Ways to Get Writing Done

I feel like lately all of my blog posts have begun this way, but OH MY GOSH I'M SO SORRY I HAVEN'T POSTED IN FOREVER. It's been ... um, almost two months. Wow. I apologize to anyone who actually reads my ramblings posts. I've just been neglecting this blog lately and ... yeah. The good news is, I'm done with my first year of college! (I know, I can't believe it either.) Anyway, now that it is summer I will be posting much more. So, hooray!

(Side note: Uh whoa, Blogger totally changed its style. What is this strange place?)

But anyway, onto today's topic. 

One of the hardest parts of writing is ... writing. And by that I mean, the physical act of actually getting your butt in a chair and putting pen to paper (or fingers to keyboard). It may sound simple, but let's face it ... Life is busy. We're always caught up in school and/or work, and at times it is hard to find the time to write. Even when you do have time, you might not feel motivated. Maybe you're not sure what's going to happen next in your story, or you're stuck at a part that's not particularly exciting.

Personally, I believe you just have to force yourself through a first draft. You have to write whatever comes to mind, even if it doesn't make much sense. You have to drag yourself through the boring patches. (I know a lot of writers who write things out of order when they're stuck, but that tactic is not helpful for everyone––definitely not for me. I talk more about why in my post "What order do you write in?".) The truth is, you just have to get the words out.

Sure, your first draft is going to be crap. It's going to be disorganized. Just accept it now. But getting it out of your head and onto paper is the first big step you have to take.

So, here are the places I turn to when I just need to pump out words:

Write or Die: 

I've probably mentioned Write or Die a billion times before, but I can't advertise it enough. This thing is the bomb. It's an application in which you set a time and a word goal for yourself. Then, if you space out and stop typing, the screen starts to turn red and it makes annoying noises at you. It may seem aggravating at first, but it can really help. Personally, using this application has trained me to usually write more than 500 words in 15 minutes (about 2000 words an hour!), so I'd say it's definitely worth it.

There's both a web app and a desktop app version of Write or Die. You can use the free web app by going here, and it's right above the "About" section. And the desktop app costs $10 if you want to invest in it.

Written? Kitten!

If Write or Die scares you too much, Written? Kitten! may be a better alternative. As the website describes, "We like positive reinforcement, so we decided to make something a bit like writeordie but cuter and fuzzier." Every time you type a hundred words, you get to see a new picture of an adorable kitten! What could be better than that?

Check it out here.

Word Wars:

If you have friends who are writers, this is a fun way to motivate yourself. The way it works is pretty simple. You get together with a group of writers (whether it's in person or online), and you all write for the same amount of time (usually somewhere between half an hour to an hour), and at the end you all share your word count and see who wrote the most. A little competition is always healthy, eh?

I've done most word wars via Skype with other writer friends. But I also recently joined a word wars group on Facebook, which writes every day from 7-8 PM EST ... and that has been extremely helpful lately!

#Wordmongering on Twitter:

If you have a Twitter account, I highly recommend making use of the #wordmongering hashtag. It's basically word wars, which happen at the beginning of every hour and end at the half hour mark. The best thing about it is that you can do it whenever you want, and there are usually a bunch of other writers participating. Just check out the hashtag for more information and to see who else is writing!

Hopefully these resources are useful to everyone. If anyone else knows of other good motivation websites/applications for writers, please comment and let me know! :)

Sunday, March 18, 2012

How to Pitch Your Book

I've been a terrible little blogger. Terrible, terrible, terrible. Of course, in my defense, I've also had a lot of work to do and such. So, I'm sorry it's taken me this long to update. But anyway ...

As you may or not know, I made it through the pitch round of ABNA. Hooray! This happened like ... a month ago. In fact, in two days the quarterfinals will be announced. So ... we'll see how that goes.

In the meantime, I would like to write a post about why pitching your novel is so important.

This subject was mostly brought to my attention by the ABNA forums. There was one thread in particular discussing whether or not pitches were important. Several entrants kept arguing that pitches are unfair, since they're a marketing tool and don't actually demonstrate your writing ability. So basically, in this point of view, pitches only show how good you are at marketing and not how good of a writer you are.

In my humble opinion, this is untrue. Being able to write a good pitch does indeed convey your writing skills. Yes, it also involves your marketing abilities, but that's also a part of being a good writer. As I wrote in my responses in the ABNA forum:

Being able to pitch your book is an important skill. It compels you to really figure out where the heart of your story is. ... 
... You can't just like to write novels. If you want to be skilled at any kind of writing, you need to learn many different techniques. Creative writing, analytical writing, persuasive writing ... It's all important to know how to do. Writing novels may be your specialty, but that doesn't mean you should ignore all other types of writing. And yes, being able to write a pitch is very different from writing a novel, but it's equally important. It's about getting to the point--establishing main character, setting, stakes, etc. And being able to choose your words carefully is a skill that carries over into any type of writing. 
... If you write a horrible pitch, you most likely can't write a good novel either. Agents/publishers/etc. want to see that you know how to use the rules of grammar, that you know how to make a point, that you make proper word choices, etc. If you can't do this, it's a sign that your manuscript might not be well-written, either. After that, it comes down to a matter of taste; the story may or may not appeal to the agent/publisher, but that's beyond your control. It may not be particularly fair, but that's the way it works.

And, I stand by that opinion. I believe writers should learn to write in any form––whether it be creative, analytical, or persuasive. As for writing pitches––it's not just about marketing, either. It conveys certain writing abilities such as pacing, transitions, style, word choice, etc. that are going to carry over into your novel. If these things are lacking in your pitch, they're probably lacking in your manuscript. No, I don't think querying to agents is a flawless process; as with all writing, it's very subjective. But I still think pitching is still an extremely important skill to have.

You need to be able to convey what your story is about in a concise matter. Setting. Characters. Plot. Stakes. Market. Bam.

Here are the things you should include in your pitch:

1. When/where is this taking place––especially if it's a different world, time period, etc.?

2. Who is the main character? You must make it clear who the main character is. Be careful of dropping too many names, or the agent will get confused as to who's important and who isn't. Only include the names of characters who are vitally important to the plot.

3. And what is the plot? What must the main character do? What is his/her objective?

4. WHAT ARE THE STAKES? I can't express how important this is. Basically the question here is, why on earth should the reader care whether or not the protagonist achieves his/her objective? Ask yourself, what bad thing will happen if the main character doesn't succeed?

I'll use my story Walking Shadow as an example ... So, Cassandra has to make a journey through the Underworld in order to get her curse removed. Okay, cool. So why does it matter? Well, if she doesn't succeed, the curse will drive her insane until she kills herself, which is what has happened to a long line of her female ancestors. You see what I'm talking about? You can't just describe the plot ... you have to make it clear what the consequences of failure are.

5. Now, the market. Make sure it's clear who you're marketing to. Kids? Teenagers? Adults? You can compare your book to other books, but ... just be careful about doing that. Try not to compare your book to books that are too big/popular. For example, you don't want to write something like, "I think my book will be as big as Harry Potter!" That's not the point. If you're going to do this, try to use only one book or two as an example––but make sure you also include why you're book is different from these books you're using as comparisons. You don't want to seem like you're just copying someone else.

6. And make sure this is all concise. This is probably the hardest part. I read on agent Nathan Bransford's blog recently that most good pitches are about within the 200-500 word range. More than that, it's probably too long. And less than that, it's probably too short.

So really, learn how to pitch your book. It's essential. If you have any questions, feel free to ask.